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Monday, April 9 • 1:45pm - 2:00pm
SYMPOSIA-02: Flows of Eucalyptus Cellulose Pulp Affect Atlantic Forest Adjacent Spillover Systems in Southeastern Brazil

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AUTHORS: Ramon Felipe Bicudo da Silva, State University of Campinas; Mateus Batistella, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation

ABSTRACT: The Paraíba Valley, Southeastern Brazil, has experienced long-term land-use and land-cover changes during the last decades. One of the most recent processes was the expansion of eucalyptus plantations to supply the international demand of cellulose pulp. A multitemporal assessment (1985—2011) based on remote sensing and spatial analyses was developed to understand the patterns of landscape changes. The analyses focused on private properties including eucalyptus plantations and other land covers. The results showed an increase of 160% (144sq.km to 375sq.km) of eucalyptus plantations and 185% (98sq.km to 280sq.km) increase in natural forest cover areas. Using the telecoupling framework, we identified the eucalyptus plantations as sending systems and importing countries (e.g., China, United Stated, etc.) as receiving systems. Interestingly enough, Atlantic forest regeneration areas in private properties producing eucalyptus can be considered as adjacent spillover systems. This positive effect of eucalyptus plantations on natural forests is explained by the international market of cellulose pulp. Therefore, producers and companies seek to follow environmental regulations, which enforce the allocation of at least 20% of the property for native vegetation. On the other hand, certification protocols such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Brazilian Forest Certification Program (Cerflor) require the compliance of such regulations. The outcome of these telecouplings is the forest transition process revealing a positive effect in adjacent spillover systems.

Monday April 9, 2018 1:45pm - 2:00pm CDT
LaSalle 5 (7th Floor)

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