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Monday, April 9 • 10:45am - 11:00am
SYMPOSIA-02: Impacts of International Trade on Global Sustainable Development

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AUTHORS: Yingjie Li*, Zhenci Xu, Jianguo Liu – Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability at Michigan State University

ABSTRACT: The United Nations launched 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which have been committed by 193 nations. Growing international trade connects distant countries into an integrated system in the era of globalization. However, little is known about the impacts of international trade on the progress toward achieving the SDGs. To fill this knowledge gap, we analyzed the impacts of international trade on six SDGs related to five global important issues - water use (Goal 6), energy use (Goal 7), material use (Goals 8 and 12), carbon emissions (Goal 13) and forestland use (Goal 15) - embodied in international trade. Our results reveal that the world as a whole made progress towards these SDGs from 1995 to 2009, and international trade had positive impacts on the progress. The progress was mainly raised by the improvement in developed countries, but at the expense of most developing countries. Promisingly, regional environmental policies and technological improvement have helped developing countries reduce inequality rooted in trade. We also find that large amounts of trade among distant countries helped to lower resource intensity. This study provides a new prospective by assessing the impacts of international trade on six SDGs, which could help inform the allocation of global environmental responsibility and optimize global sustainable development strategies.Keywords: sustainable development goals, virtual resource flow, telecoupling, global sustainability

Monday April 9, 2018 10:45am - 11:00am CDT
LaSalle 5 (7th Floor)