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Monday, April 9 • 5:30pm - 7:00pm
POSTER: Drivers of Conservation Successes and Failures: An Analysis of Factors Affecting Mammalian Recovery in Terrestrial Protected Areas

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AUTHORS: Katherine Magoulick*, Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Michigan State University; Vanessa Hull, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida; Jianguo Liu, Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Michigan State University

ABSTRACT: As humans expand across the globe there are an increasing number of negative impacts on animal populations. It has become more and more important to identify species that are in greatest need for conservation, but also to design conservation strategies that are successful at reversing their decline. Many previous studies address conservation of individual animal species by analyzing their long-term population changes, or outlining conservation plans for their recovery in certain geographical areas. The disadvantage of these separate studies is that they prevent the detection of broader trends in animal population recovery successes and failures, thus thwarting efforts to focus on effective conservation techniques in the future. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis by synthesizing individual research studies on animal recovery within terrestrial protected areas around the globe (n= 220) to obtain a more comprehensive picture of factors influencing the trajectories of recovery projects. We found a positive correlation between country GDP and percent annual increase of mammals within terrestrial protected areas. However, annual increase in mammals was negatively correlated to protected area size and number of protected areas in the country of interest. Countries with larger protected areas and greater numbers of protected areas may dilute resources leading to reductions in mammalian population increase over time. In addition, species in the order Perissodactyla had a significantly lower rate of increase than any of the other orders analyzed. This was possibly due to anthropogenic factors such as poaching. Our findings have broader implications for terrestrial protected area design and implementation in a changing world by providing new insights into conservation successes and failures.

Monday April 9, 2018 5:30pm - 7:00pm CDT
Monroe Room

Attendees (5)